Where did the duty to assess needs arise prior to the Care Act 2014?

It was found in section 47 of the National Health Service and Community Care Act 1990 and implicit in other statutes such as the Chronically Sick and Disabled Persons Act etc which made qualifying for a service dependent on a judgement from an employee of the local social services authority.  The 1990 Act did not make care planning a statutory duty but the Administrative Court always made it an essential part of the process, by reference to public law principles regarding accounting rationally for that employee’s or other decision-maker’s judgement, and the concept of procedural fairness and participation in decisions of significant impact for citizens.

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